cyclic number

A cyclic number n is an integer which in a given base b maintains the same digits after repeated multiplicationsPlanetmathPlanetmath. For example, twice 142857 is 285714; thrice is 428571; four times is 571428; etc. Cyclic numbers are tied to the full reptend primesMathworldPlanetmath p thus:


From this it follows that the base b representation of the number np consists of p-1 instances of the digit b-1. For mn with m>p the multiplesMathworldPlanetmath gradually begin to exhibit greater varietyMathworldPlanetmath in their digits, with the occasional number nearly full of digits b-1.

In base 10, the first few cyclic numbers are 142857, 588235294117647, 52631578947368421, 434782608695652173913, 344827586206896551724137931, 212765957446808510638297872340425531914893617, etc.

There are no cyclic numbers in factorial base or primorial base because not every digit can occupy every significant position. For example, take the multiples of 142857 in factorial base: 34222111, 70444300, 115012011, 151234200, 185501311, 232024100, 266251211. The digit 4 can only occur to the left of d3.

Confusingly, Sloane’s OEIS uses this term to refer to the full reptend primes instead of the cyclic numbers they generate.

Title cyclic number
Canonical name CyclicNumber
Date of creation 2013-03-22 16:46:18
Last modified on 2013-03-22 16:46:18
Owner PrimeFan (13766)
Last modified by PrimeFan (13766)
Numerical id 5
Author PrimeFan (13766)
Entry type Definition
Classification msc 11N05