An interest rate, loosely speaking, is the rate in which interest accumulates over time. There are different ways of measuring this change. In other words, there are different types of interest rates. Suppose we are given the following setup:
there is a borrower and a lender and that’s it
at time , a transaction takes place where loans to
at times and , the interests accrued are and
Interest rate. The interest rate is defined as the value
If we set , then and
can be interpreted as the “accumulated” principal at , although the transaction of the interest actually being added to the principal is not assumed.
Effective interest rate. Another way of measuring the rate in which interest change with respect to is known as the effective interest rate. It is defined as:
Unlike the ordinary interest rate, effective interest rate measures the changes in interest relative to the principal at the beginning of the time period that is being measured, rather than the original principal.
Discount rate. The discount rate is defined as:
This is very similar to the definition of the effective interest rate. The difference here is the we are interested in looking at changes in interest relative to the end of the time period. The following relationship is useful:
Discount rate is handy when one wants to know the current, or present value of some amount of money in the future, for example, looking at the present value of the total mortgage to be paid 30 years into the future.
Others. If we include the effect of inflation, or any changes affecting the value of money not due to interest, we have
real interest rate - the interest rate calculated based on the “real” value of money, adjusted for inflation, and
nominal interest rate - the interest rate calculated based on the “face”, or “unadjusted” value of money.
and the corresponding instantaneous effective interest rate
- 1 S. G. Kellison, Theory of Interest, McGraw-Hill/Irwin, 2nd Edition, (1991).
|Date of creation||2013-03-22 16:39:54|
|Last modified on||2013-03-22 16:39:54|
|Last modified by||CWoo (3771)|
|Defines||effective interest rate|
|Defines||instantaneous interest rate|
|Defines||instantaneous effective interest rate|
|Defines||nominal interest rate|
|Defines||real interest rate|