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relational system
A relational system, loosely speaking, is a pair $(A,R)$ where $A$ is a set and $R$ is a set of finitary relations defined on $A$ (a finitary relation is just an $n$ary relation where $n\in\mathbb{N}$; when $n=1$, it is called a property). Since an $n$ary operator on a set is an $(n+1)$ary relation on the set, a relational system can be thought of as a generalization of an algebraic system. We can formalize the notion of a relation system as follows:
Call a set $R$ a relation set, if there is a function $f:R\to\mathbb{N}$, the set of natural numbers. For each $r\in R$, call $f(r)$ the arity of $r$.
Let $A$ be a set and $R$ a relation set. The pair $(A,R)$ is called an $R$relational system if there is a set $R_{A}$ such that
$R_{A}$ is a set of finitary relations on $A$, called the relation set of $A$, and
there is a onetoone correspondence between $R$ and $R_{A}$, given by $r\mapsto r_{A}$, such that the $f(r)=$ the arity of $r_{A}$.
Since operators and partial operators are special types of relations. algebraic systems and partial algebraic systems can be treated as relational systems.
Below are some exmamples of relational systems:

any algebraic or partial algebraic system.

a poset $(P,\{\leq_{P}\})$, where $\leq_{P}$ is a binary relation, called the partial ordering, on $P$. A lattice, generally considered an algebraic system, can also be considered as a relational system, because it is a poset, and that $\leq$ alone defines the algebraic operations ($\vee$ and $\wedge$).

a pointed set $(A,\{a\})$ is also a relational system, where a unary relation, or property, is the singledout element $a\in A$. A pointed set is also an algebraic system, if we treat $a$ as the lone nullary operator (constant).

a bounded poset $(P,\leq_{P},0,1)$ is a relational system. It is a poset, with two unary relations $\{0\}$ and $\{1\}$.

a BuekenhoutTits geometry can be thought of as a relational system. It consists of a set $\Gamma$ with two binary relations on it: one is an equivalence relation $T$ called type, and the other is a symmetric reflexive relation $\#$ called incidence, such that if $a\#b$ and $aTb$, then $a=b$ (incident objects of the same type are identical).

ordered algebraic structures, such as ordered groups $(G,\{\cdot\mbox{, }^{{1}}\mbox{, }e\mbox{, }\leq_{G}\})$ and ordered rings $(R,\{+\mbox{, }\mbox{, }\cdot\mbox{, }^{{1}}\mbox{, }0\mbox{, }\leq_{R}\})$ are also relational systems. They are not algebraic systems because of the additional ordering relations ($\leq_{G}$ and $\leq_{R}$) defined on these objects. Note that these orderings are generally considered total orders.

ordered partial algebras such as ordered fields $(D,\{+\mbox{, }\mbox{, }\cdot\mbox{, }^{{1}}\mbox{, }0\mbox{, }1\mbox{, }% \leq_{F}\})$, etc…

structures that are not relational are complete lattices and topological spaces, because the operations involved are infinitary.
Remark. Relational systems and algebraic systems are both examples of structures in model theory. Although an algebraic system is a relational system in the sense discussed above, they are treated as distinct entities. A structure involves three objects, a set $A$, a set of function symbols $F$, and a set of relation symbols $R$, so a relational system is a structure where $F=\varnothing$ and an algebraic system is a structure where $R=\varnothing$.
References
 1 G. Grätzer: Universal Algebra, 2nd Edition, Springer, New York (1978).
Mathematics Subject Classification
08A55 no label found03C07 no label found08A02 no label found Forums
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